What are wisdom teeth?
Wisdom teeth (or third molars) are third molars that are in the rear end of the mouth. “Wisdom teeth” are called colloquially because usually appear between 17 and 25 years, age at which we begin to be adults and have some wisdom and maturity.
Why do we have wisdom teeth?
Although in some cases the wisdom teeth go well and do not cause any kind of problem is not usual. It is estimated that 95% of the population has complications with wisdom teeth and most have little or no chance that these wheels meet masticatory function effectively without causing problems.
So why develop wisdom teeth if they are useless and cause problems in millions of mouths? One possible answer is that our ancestors needed more teeth to chew diet then, much harder than it is now. This extra set of wheels is no longer necessary today, according to most anthropologists, the size of our jaw has been declining in the last 20,000 years so that there remains room for wisdom teeth. Although not common, some people never get to develop them.
When is it necessary to remove wisdom teeth?
It is easy to say in advance whether or not it is necessary to extract wisdom teeth. Your dentist will have to be the one to tell which is the best option after studying his case. Overall removal is usually recommended in the following circumstances:
- The jaw is not large enough and the wisdom teeth are not able to poke through the gum
- Wisdom teeth do not emerge at all causing the gums to grow over them partially favouring infections
- By reason of an orthodontic treatment
- By crowding caused by wisdom teeth having no space in the jaw
- In case of infection of the tooth or bone damage
- The wisdom tooth is badly wrong angle or
What is the procedure?
Special risk intervention is done in the dental office using a local anaesthetic itself.
If there is any infection in the mouth it is normal to delay surgery until the infection clears. Your dentist can provide antibiotics to help clear the infection.
Before extraction area is anesthetized. Sometimes it will be necessary to open the gum to access the tooth and bone covering if there has to be eliminated. In more complicated cases it may be necessary to cut the tooth into smaller pieces and easy to remove.
After extraction you may have to put stitches. Your dentist will tell you if the stitches dissolve after a while or if it will be necessary to go back to the query to remove.
What are the risks of extracting a wisdom tooth?
Any surgery, including oral surgery, has its risks. We point out the highlights below:
- Pain and swelling of the gums and surrounding tissues
- Bleeding for a variable period of time
- Difficulty or pain when opening the mouth
- Slow healing of the gums
- Damage to adjacent teeth or previous dental work (crowns, bridges, etc..)
- Alteration or premature loss of the clot that forms in the extraction zone
- Numbness or tingling of the mouth and lips for damage or inflammation of the nerves of the jaw.
- Infection after surgery.
What to expect after the extraction of a wisdom tooth?
In most cases, the recovery period lasts a few days and there are usually no complications. You can follow these simple tips to ensure a good recovery after the extraction of a wisdom tooth.